Route 5. Mera Lighthouses. Nature

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This route goes through the municipality of Oleiros and it is a coastal zone with a climate of Atlantic and oceanic influence that maintains mild temperatures in all four seasons with a constant humidity above average.

The lighthouse of Punta de Mera has a panoramic view of the bay of A Coruña, transmitting a very special feeling of tranquillity while one walks along the coast surrounded by seagulls and listening to the breaking waves. It is an area of geo-morphological and landscape interest catalogued as a Site of Community Interest within the Natura 2000 Network.

This environment is characterized by systems of oceanic currents combined with deep water coming to the surface, which generate an important biodiversity. This fact, along with the passing of migratory birds makes it possible to find up to 65 species of sea birds, 20 species of cetaceans and 5 species of sea turtles in the area.

Yellow-legged Seagull

The flora is mainly herbaceous and shrubs, round bushes typical of coastal environments, adapted to the climate with strong winds.

We can differentiate two zones; the lowest one, closest to the sea is occupied by species adapted to the walls of the cliffs such as the Armeria pubigera (Sea Thrift or Sea Pink). The next stretch is occupied by thicket, mainly Heather (Erica sp.) and Gorse (Ulex europaeus), which covers the coast in yellow during the spring.

Heather

Along the route we can enjoy a variety of fauna, mainly sea birds which nest and fly over the cliffs. The coastal thicket that accompanies the rest of the route shelters other animals such as the Dartford Warbler, rabbits, Yellow-legged Seagull (Larus michahellis), the European Shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) or the Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus).

At the visitors reception centre Aula do Mar there are reproductions of bateas (a wooden floating platform) in which one can see the animals that live in this environment and photographs of the main environmental riches. We recommend getting information about the possible routes or guides for groups.

Aula do Mar

A place that it is worth visiting near the route is the lake of Mera, an artificial pond created by the extraction of clay for manufacturing bricks and roof tiles. At present it is a haven for birds and fish.

© Consorcio das Mariñas

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